Nader Karimi, the engineer and managing director of Mashregh Zamin Zarrin Saffron Incorporation has a master's degree in food microbiology. The company has been established with the aim of improving agricultural activities especially saffron and pistachios production.
Mashregh Zamin Zarrin Saffron Incorporation has been officially found on July 23, 2016 with an unlimited lifespan and has started its activities in the field of production, packaging, exportation and importation of all agricultural and animal products and herbs.
The company guarantees the quality and originality of the products by using modern laboratories with the most modern equipment divided in both macrobiotic and physics-chemistry departments. As Karimi, the engineer of Mashregh Zamin Zarrin Saffron Incorporation, mentioned in an exclusive interview with Business Newspaper:" All components for identifying the original saffron including additive color testing, dampness percentage, color quality, aromatic intensity and quality as well as macrobiotic testing are done in the laboratories of Mashregh Zamin Zarrin Saffron Incorporation and under the rules of Iranian National Standard Organization (INSO).
To respect the national and international customers' rights, the company intends to offer its products in retail and wholesale with the best quality and according to the international standards, and guarantees products with reasonable prices and competitive to other companies. The managing director of Mashregh Zamin Zarrin Saffron Incorporation said in the interview:" Torbat Heidariyeh region that is in fact the world's capital saffron has unfortunately been undervalued. Efforts have been made by the government to form associations, which were temporary. Saffron does not have gardens and integrated constitutions. As opposite to pistachios, saffron does not have multi or hundred hectare fields, it is more a subsistence crop and the area of croplands ranges from 1000 meters to the maximum of 30000 meters. Therefore, they are difficult to organize. Finally we do not have any rival for saffron in the world and Afghanistan which is called as a rival to us is the imaginary one, because the total product of saffron in Afghanistan is not as much as one of our villages.
According to him the added value of saffron is very low for farmers. The farmers harvest, process and dry their crops and wholesale them to traders and exporters. The mentioned crops of saffron are sold four to five times more expensive in consumption market. Criticizing the unlimited increase of agricultural inputs' price, he said:" In recent three years, the agricultural inputs which were owned by the government have had dramatic price increase that cannot be mentioned by percentages. For instance, we bought aluminum phosphates compost for 2800 tomans per Kilo, while today we have to pay 58000 tomans for each kilo of it. The government used petrochemical privatization as a pretext for price increases. The production costs have risen endlessly while the incomes have remained constant. If this trend continues, the company and the industry will face crisis. He added:" Mashregh Zamin Zarrin Saffron Incorporation was found to maintain balance between production costs and sale costs for producers. The company consists of 60000 shares, 30000 shares of which belong to the primary board of founders and the remaining belong to people involved. While expressing his dissatisfaction with the way agricultural inputs and pesticides are used, said:" our next crisis is illegal or uncommon pesticides crisis which are distributed in the area. I ask authorities to have more supervision regarding the pesticides distribution. A city with the population of 15 thousands does not need 30 distribution units. Enumerating the problems in pesticide distribution management, Karimi stated:" we ask government to do nothing. The government does not have to issue certificate. If the region needs pesticide distribution, it will act on its own. The pesticide distributors in the town has turned to an economic mafia group that agricultural producers are not able to compete them.
The company has received certificates, national standards and international licenses for offering organic products. In this way we have entered negotiations with producing groups of organic saffron which were under supervision of Ministry of Agriculture Jihad and purchased their product 10 percent higher than the usual price. Unfortunately, in a town which claims 30 to 120 tons of saffron products, only 150 kilos of it are organic. The reason for it is that organic products ' cost the same as inorganic ones. Our company has been set up to consider a preferred price for organic products. So that farmers are encouraged to produce organic saffron. On the next step all organic saffron stakeholders emerged. Announcing the company's preparation for the globalism of Iranian saffron brands, he said: we have the required preparation and facilities and we are making the infrastructures in order to offer Iranian saffron brands to the world's market respectfully. It should be noted that the boarding director of the company is consist of the top producer and exporter of saffron and pistachios and also the top trader and processor. As a person who is against agricultural mechanization plan in villages and areas because of villagers' immigration and abandonments, he said: every liter of water used for raising saffron can create 530 jobs directly, that is why I am against mechanization in saffron production, as the issue in all countries is job creation and mechanization restricts it. In addition, unemployment leads to a lot of social problems. Finally criticizing the crops needing a lot of water, he pointed:" In a region with the lack of water, the crops with added value must be raised."
Quoted from special issue Tejarat No. 970